Building blocks

## Problem

Imagine plotting a graph of $y=2^x$, with $\quantity{1}{cm}$ to one unit on each axis.

How far along the $x$-axis could you go before the graph reached the top of a sheet of paper?

If you extended the graph so the positive $x$-axis filled the whole width of a sheet of paper, how tall would the paper have to be?

How far along the $x$-axis would you have to go so that the graph was tall enough to reach

• to the top of The Shard in London?
• to the moon?
• to the Andromeda galaxy?

Try to estimate the answers before calculating them and mark them at the appropriate points along a sketch of the $x$-axis.

Work out where they should be and then add some other results such as the distances to the sun and other stars. What do you notice?

We have provided a data sheet to work from or you could research suitable data for yourself.