Review question

# Can we find the height of a tower using its reflection? Add to your resource collection Remove from your resource collection Add notes to this resource View your notes for this resource

Ref: R8557

## Question

A tower stands on a river bank. From a point on the other bank directly opposite, and at height $h$ above the water level, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is $\alpha$ and the angle of depression of the reflection of the top in the water is $\beta$. [It is to be assumed that the water is smooth, so that the reflection of any object in the water will appear to be as far below the surface as the tower is above it.] Prove that the height of the top of the tower above the water is $h\sin(\alpha+\beta)\cosec(\beta-\alpha),$ and the width of the river is $2h\cos\alpha\cos\beta\cosec(\beta-\alpha).$

Find these two distances (to the nearest foot) when $h=\quantity{15}{ft.}$, $\alpha=24^\circ$, and $\beta=31^\circ$.